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Hazardous activities and industries list (HAIL)

The Hazardous Activities and Industries List defines industries and activities that typically use or store hazardous substances.1 Properties within our region that either historically or currently have any of the below activities operating are in the process of being registered on the Land Use Information Register and tested for contamination.
Photograph showing truck wash getting hosed down.

  1. Abrasive blasting - carrying out abrasive blast cleaning (other than cleaning carried out in fully enclosed booths) or disposing of abrasive blasting material.

  2. Acid/alkali plant, formulation and bulk storage.

  3. Agrichemical spray contractor's premises used for filling and washing out tanks for commercial agrichemical application.

  4. Airports - fuel storage, workshops, washdown areas, stormwater runoff from hardstanding.

  5. Analysts - commercial analytical laboratory sites.

  6. Asbestos products production, use, and disposal. Also sites with buildings containing asbestos products known to be in a deteriorated condition.

  7. Asphalt or bitumen manufacture or bulk storage - manufacturing asphalt or bitumen, or bulk storage of these products, other than at a single-use site used by a mobile asphalt plant.

  8. Battery manufacture or recycling - assembling, disassembling, manufacturing or recycling batteries (other than storing batteries for retail sale).

  9. Brake lining manufacturers, repairers and recyclers.

  10. Cement or lime manufacturing - manufacturing cement or lime from limestone material using a kiln and storing wastes from the manufacturing process.

  11. Cemeteries.

  12. Chemical manufacture and formulation and bulk storage such that land use consent is required.

  13. Coal and coke yards.

  14. Concrete manufacture and bulk cement storage.

  15. Defence works and defence establishments, including ordinance storage and training areas where live firing is carried out.

  16. Drum and tank reconditioning or recycling.

  17. Dry cleaning plants - restricted to premises where dry cleaning is carried out and solvents are stored.

  18. Electrical transformers - manufacturing, repairing or disposing of electrical transformers or other heavy electrical equipment.

  19. Engine reconditioning - use of solvents and degreasers.

  20. Explosive production or bulk storage.

  21. Fertiliser manufacture - manufacturing or bulk storage of agriculture fertiliser.

  22. Foundry operations - commercial production of metal products by injecting or pouring molten metal into moulds and associated activities.

  23. Gasworks - manufacture of town gas from coal or oil feedstocks.

  24. Gun, pistol or rifle ranges or areas with lead shot deposition.

  25. Iron and steel works.

  26. Landfill sites.

  27. Livestock dip or spray race operations.

  28. Market gardens, orchards, glass houses or other areas where the use of persistent agricultural chemicals occurred.

  29. Metal treatment or coating - including polishing, anodising, galvanising, pickling, electroplating, heat treatment using cyanide compounds and finishing. curing works or commercially finishing leather.

  30. Mining and extractive industries and mineral processing - including chemically or physically extracting metalliferous ores, exposure of faces or release of groundwater containing hazardous contaminants and storing hazardous wastes, including waste dumps and tailings dams, but not gravel extraction (just note that these areas can be included because of fuel storage).

  31. Motor vehicle workshops.

  32. Paint manufacture and formulation.

  33. Pest control - commercially operating premises (or former pest destruction board, now regional council sites) where storage and preparation of pesticide occurs, including preparation of poisoned baits and filling or washing of tanks.

  34. Pesticide manufacture (including animal poisons, insecticides, fungicides and herbicides) - commercially manufacturing, blending, mixing or formulating pesticides.

  35. Petroleum or petrochemical industries or storage, including oil production and operating a petroleum depot, terminal, blending plant or refinery, retail or commercial refuelling facility, and facilities for recovery, reprocessing or recycling petroleum based materials and bulk storage above and below ground.

  36. Pharmaceutical manufacture - commercially manufacturing, blending, mixing or formulating pharmaceuticals, including animal remedies and illicit drug manufacturing.

  37. Port activities - including dry docks and ship and boat maintenance facilities.

  38. Power stations and switchyards.

  39. Printing - commercial printing, using metal type, inks and dyes, or solvents.

  40. Railway yards - operating a railway yard including goods-handling yards, workshops, refuelling facilities and maintenance areas.

  41. Sawmills - use of antisapstain chemicals during milling.

  42. Scrap yards - operating a scrap yard including automotive dismantling or wrecking yard or scrap metal yard.

  43. Service stations.

  44. Smelting or refining - fusing or melting metalliferous ores or refining the metal.

  45. Tannery, fellmongery or hide curing - operating a tannery or fellmongery or hide curing works or commercially finishing leather.

  46. Transport depots.

  47. Storage tanks and drum storage for fuel, chemicals and liquid waste.

  48. Waste storage, treatment and/or disposal including land disposal of wastes, but not the use of biosolids as soil conditioners.

  49. Wood treatment and preservation and bulk storage of treated timber.

  50. Wool, hide and skin merchants (e.g. drying, scouring).

  51. Any site that has been, or could be, subject to the migration of hazardous substances from hazardous substances present in soil or water on adjacent sites.

  52. Any other facility or activity that stores, uses or disposes of hazardous substances in sufficient quantity that intentional or accidental discharge of the substance could be a risk to human health or the environment.


  1. The fact that an activity or industry appears on this list does not mean that hazardous substances were used or stored on all sites occupied by that activity or industry, nor that a site of this sort will have hazardous substances present in the land. The list merely indicates that such activities and industries are more likely to use or store hazardous substances and therefore there is a greater probability of site contamination occurring than other uses or activities. Conversely, an activity or industry that does not appear on the list does not guarantee such a site will not be contaminated. Each case must be considered on its merits, considering the information at hand.