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Waikato Regional Council dairy winter grazing survey 2011

On this page: Abstract, table of contents

Report: TR 2012/30

Author: Versus Research Limited and Angela Davies (Waikato Regional Council)

Abstract

Waikato Regional Council (WRC) commissioned Versus Research to survey dairy farmers (farmers) in the Waikato region to investigate farmers' winter grazing practices and management decisions in order to better understand the impact these practices and decisions have on nutrient run off and leaching in the region. This study builds on the qualitative research of Davies and Topperwien (2011) which investigated (n=36) Waikato region farmers‟ winter grazing practices and which segmented farmers based on their stand off practices (wet soils management) and wintering off practices.

The key research objective of the current study was to quantify the proportion of farmers in each segment identified in the qualitative work by Davies and Topperwien (2011) and to identify any other segments. The current study sought to quantify the stand off infrastructure that farmers have and to quantify farmers‟ wintering off practices.

Waikato Regional Council dairy winter grazing survey 2011(1mb)

Table of contents

  Executive summary iii
  Key results iii
1 Background and research objectives 1
2 Method 3
  Overview 3
  Sample 3
  Calling statistics 3
3 Analysis and reporting 4
  Subgroups 4
  Margin of error 5
  Significance testing 5
  Display of data 6
  Percentages 6
4 Sample profile 7
5 Pasture damage and pugging 11
5.1 Farm propensity to pug 11
5.2 Proportion of farm pugged 12
5.3 Prevention strategies used in-paddock 13
6 Wintering off 15
6.1 Proportion of farmers who winter off 15
6.2 Reasons for wintering off 15
6.3 Reasons for not wintering off 17
6.4 Proportion of herd wintered off 18
6.5 Months wintered off 19
6.6 Number of months wintered off 20
6.7 Typical arrangement for wintering off cows 21
6.8 Location of contract grazier used for wintering off 22
7 Infrastructure on-farm 23
7.1 Proportion of farmers with different types of infrastructure 23
7.2 Sacrifice paddocks 26
7.3 Feedpads 29
7.4 Stand off pads 32
7.5 Wintering-barns 35
7.6 Winter cropping areas 36
8 Standing off 37
8.1 Proportion of farmers who stand off to manage wet soils in winter 37
8.2 Reasons for standing off 38
8.3 Reasons for not standing off 39
8.4 Proportion of herd stood off 40
8.5 Frequency of standing off 41
8.6 Duration of standing off 42
8.7 Stand off infrastructure used 43
8.8 Utilisation of stand off infrastructure 44
9 Segments 45
9.1 Overview 45
9.2 Proportion of farmers in each segment 46
9.3 Segment profiles 47
10 Additional analysis 57
11 References 58
  Appendix 1: questionnaire 59
  Appendix 2: reasons for wintering off 68
  Appendix 3: reasons for not wintering off 72
  Appendix 4: further comments 79
  Appendix 5: run-off block location 84
  Appendix 6: location of contract grazier 85
  Appendix 7: CHAID analysis trees 86
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