Skip to main content

Environmental indicators programme

The table below lists Waikato Regional Council's available environmental indicators. You will find them divided by resource theme, for example, air, land, and coasts. 


Environmental indicator


Air quality

Benzene levels
Carbon monoxide levels
Fine particle levels
Lead levels
Nitrogen dioxide levels
Ozone levels
Sulphur dioxide levels

Sources of air pollutants

Sources of carbon dioxide
Sources of carbon monoxide
Sources of fine particles
Sources of nitrogen oxides
Sources of sulphur oxides



Coastal biology
Extent of coastal habitats
Protected coastal areas

Fresh water

Condition of aquatic plant communities in lakes
Extent of wetlands
River biology


Extent of indigenous vegetation
Forest fragmentation
Indigenous coverage of protected areas


Hazards Shoreline change
Coastal developments at risk
Shoreline protection structures

Natural character and biodiversity

Coastal biology
Coastline ownership
Extent of coastal habitats
Protected coastal areas

Water and sediment quality

Coastal water quality for contact recreation
Estuarine water quality
Pollutants in sediments

Fresh water

Groundwater Groundwater availability
Groundwater well construction
Micro-organisms in groundwater
Nitrate in groundwater
Pesticides in groundwater
Lakes Lake Taupō’s water quality
Nutrient enrichment of shallow lakes
Peat lake water levels
Rivers and streams River biology
River water quality
River water quality for contact recreation
Sources of nutrients in rivers
Surface water availability
Wetlands Extent of wetlands


  Geysers and sinter springs
Visitor numbers to geothermal areas

Land and soil


Land use
Stock access to waterways
Stock density
Stream bank vegetation
Rural subdivision


Fertiliser use on farms
Soil stability
Soil quality
Peat subsidence

Social and economic

Community characteristics

Educational qualifications
Population growth
Population structure
Unemployment rate

Community views

People’s attitudes to environmental regulations
People’s environmental concerns
People’s environmental knowledge
People’s personal environmental actions
People’s public environmental actions
People’s satisfaction with the environment

Community participation and awareness

Landcare groups

Economy and resource use

Employment by sectors
Household income
Total energy consumption


Regional ecological footprint