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3 Water Module

3.7 Wetlands*

3.7.7 Table of Wetlands in the Waikato Region for Rule 3.7.4.6

Wetland Area Ecological Values
Kopouatai Peat Dome Government Purpose Reserve (Wetland Management). 9238.44 ha. Raised Peat Bog on a small graben with some mineralised swamp. Largest remaining peat dome in New Zealand. Reservoir catchment and flood protection values. The largest remaining freshwater wetland in New Zealand. Fauna values include banded rail, Marsh Crake, Australasian Bittern, North Island Fernbird, Spotless Crake, Black Mudfish. Flora values include Kahikatea. Listed as a RAMSAR site of international significance.
Flax Block Wildlife Management Reserve. 810.7 ha. River floodplain with mineralised wetland. Totally dominated by willow forest. Fauna values include Australasian Bittern, North Island Fernbird and Spotless Crake.
Historic and cultural values include flax harvesting
Torehape Wetland Management Reserve. 653.87 ha. Remnant peat dome that has been drained and burnt. Fauna values include North Island Fernbird. Flora values include Sphagnum cristatum communities, Sporadanthus traversii and other rare wetland species.
Opuatia Swamp Wildlife Management Reserve 78.6 ha. Waikato River floodplain with peat and semimineralised wetland. Fauna values include Australasian Bittern, North Island Fernbird and Spotless Crake. Good quality wetland habitat.
Lake Whangape (Wildlife Management) Reserve, Lake Whangape Marginal Strip, Awaroa Swamp Wildlife Management Reserve. 1694.02 ha. Former oxbow of the Waikato River with large shallow natural lake with modified margins. Fauna values include Australasian Bittern, Black Swan, common waterfowl, native fish. Cultural and historical values include many Maori sites and traditional eel fishery.
Whangamarino Wetland Management Reserve.
Whangamarino Government Purpose Reserve.
4870.75 ha.
322.60ha.
Three shallow basins and river floodplain with wetland, mineralised swamps and peat domes. NI Fernbird, Spotless Crake, Marsh Crake, Banded Rail, Brown Teal, Grey Tea, Black Swan, Australasian Bittern, Galaxiade fish species, Black Mudfish.Historic values include former pa sites on eastern margins. Cultural values, traditional food source and flax farming.
Listed as a RAMSAR site of international significance.
North Shepherd Wetland 68 ha Fish and Game New Zealand (Auckland/Waikato Region) owned wetland that is part of the Whangamarino wetland.
Central Shepherd Wetland 78 ha Fish and Game New Zealand (Auckland/Waikato Region) owned wetland that is part of the Whangamarino wetland.
South Shepherd Wetland 248 ha Fish and Game New Zealand, Auckland/Waikato Region owned wetland that is part of the Whangamarino wetland.
Eastern Whangamarino 354 ha Fish and Game New Zealand, Auckland/Waikato Region owned wetland that is part of the Whangamarino wetland.
Moanatuatua Peat Scientific Reserve. 73.99 ha. Remnant peat dome. Fauna values – NI Fernbird, common waterfowl and waders, and Black Mudfish. Very high scientific values.
Lake Rotomanuka Wildlife Management Reserve. 36.56 ha Relatively deep and eutrophic lake divided by a raupo swamp into two lakes. High values, New Zealand Dabchick, Whirligig Beetle, Australasian Bittern, Black Mudfish. Large number of waterfowl and waders. High quality wetland habitat.
Lake Serpentine Wildlife Management Reserve 30.30 ha. A shallow eutrophic peat lake with a partially modified mineralised swamp margin. Important wildlife habitat values, New Zealand Dabchick, Scaup, Australasian Bittern, Spotless Crake, White Heron, Banded Rail. Historic values include a pa site.
Lake Ngarotoiti Wildlife Management Reserve 7.840 ha. Small shallow hypereutrophic modified peat lake. Lake habitat for waterfowl species.
Lake Rotokawau (Black Lake) Stewardship Land. 405.17 ha Peat lake draining into Lake Waikare with large area of peat bog and semi-mineralised wetland. Fauna, Australasian Bittern, North Island Fernbird, Spotless Crake and Black Mudfish. Moderate to high botanical values. Good quality wetland particularly fringes of lake.
Lake Waikare Marginal StripsLake Waikare Stewardship Land (2 plots). South shore Recreation Reserve – lake Waikare Wildlife Refuge. 18.06 ha.1.04 ha. Lake and wetland margins. Fauna, Australasian Bittern, North Island Fernbird, common waterfowl. Traditional eel fishery.
Tokaanu Swamplands – Stewardship Land. 362.30 ha. Wetland, delta feature, pumice alluvium, peaty and ash soils. Outstanding biodiversity, wetland ecosystem and associated species. Part of South Taupo wetland that has been recommended for listing as a RAMSAR site of international significance.
Stump Bay Recreation Reserve and Stewardship Area. 179.23 ha – Reserve53.93 ha. – Stewardship area. Flat wetland bordering shore of Lake Taupo. Pumice beach ridges and peaty soils. Outstanding wetland habitat supporting important populations of Bittern, Spotless Crake, Fernbird and wide range of waterfowl. Part of South Taupo wetland that has been recommended for listing as a RAMSAR site of international significance.
Waiotaka Scenic Reserve 29.18 ha. Wetland boring shore of Lake Taupo, beach ridges, pumice and greywacke alluvium. Outstanding wetland habitat supporting important populations of Australasian Bittern, Spotless Crake, Fernbird and wide range of waterfowl. Part of South Taupo wetland that has been recommended for listing as a RAMSAR site on international significance.
Waimarino River Recreation Reserve. 61.29 ha. Wetland, lagoon, beach ridges, rhyolite dome. Outstanding wetland habitat containing Fernbird, Bittern, Spotless Crake, Banded Rail, wide range of waterfowl, Wainuia Snails. Part of South Taupo wetland that has been recommended for listing as a RAMSAR site of international significance.
Lake Ngaroto 150.00 ha Administered by the Waipa District Council currently undergoing an intensive restoration programme. The lake has high recreational values as well as a high wildlife population.
Lake Areare Part Horsham Dowms Wildlife Management Reserve 39.9600 ha Wetland Community. Breeding and habitat for common waterfowl and waders.
lake Hotoananga Part Horsham Downs Wildlife Management Reserve 9.2730 ha Wetland Community. Breeding and habitat for common waterfowl and waders.
Lake Pikopilo Part Horsham Downs Wildlife Management Reserve 6.1350ha Wetland Community. Breeding and habitat for common waterfowl and waders.
Lake Kaituna (lake B)Part Horsham Downs Wildlife Management reserve 20.5300 Fauna values include large number of waterfowl and waders, eels, spotless crake, possibly banded rail. Important feeding and breeding habitat for waterfowl.
Lake ‘E’ (Hurrel’s Lake Wildlife Refuge) 8.0100 ha Shallow eutrophic lake, Habitat for waterfowl
Lake Ruatuna Wildlife Management Reserve 18.1800ha shallow eutrophic peat lake with highly modified margins. Utilised by waterfowl and protected bird species including NZ dabchick, scaup and spotless crake.
Ohinewai Stewardship Land 27.6800 ha Peatlake on the Waikato River floodplain. Fauna values include common wetland birds and waterfowl. Good quality wetland habitat.
Lake Rangiriri (Kopuera) Wildlife Management Reserve 83.4500 ha Eutrophic lake on Waikato River floodplain with wetland margins. Fauna values include Australasian bitter, North Island fernbird, spotless crake and common waterfowl. Historic values include a pa site and Rangiriri battle site adjacent. Good quality wetland habitat.
Lake Rotongaro Wildlife Management Reserve 482.4000 ha Eutrophic shallow lake on the Waikato river floodplain. Fauna values include Australasian bittern and large numbers of ducks, swan and geese. Flora values include native macrophytes. Good quality wetland habitat.
Lake Okowhao Government Purpose (Wildlife Management) Reserve 22.6190 ha Lake on the Waikato River floodplain with good riparian margins. Fauna values include Australasian bittern, spotless crake and waterfowl. Flora values include native macrophytes. Representative example of wetland habitat with good riparian margin.
Lake Cameron 3.375 ha A small but ecologically significant lake, surrounded on two sides by residential subdivision. It is a true peat lake with deep peat on the west and south. It is home to waterfowl and waders.
Lake Mangakaware 74.86 ha This lake has a large buffer of land in public ownership right around the lake. Although highly modified it has enormous potential to be restored to a high ecological status. It contains a high waterfowl population.
Lake Maratoto 17.71 ha True peat lake in private ownership (some covenanted). The lake is over 11,000 years old and over 75% of the margin has a dense cover of native peat/wetland vegetation. It is considered the second most pristine of the Waipa peat lakes. It has a high and dense waterfowl population.
Lake Mangahia 9.375 ha Peat lake in private ownership. It has the highest ecological values of all lakes in the Waipa District. Part of the fringe is under covenant. This lake is severely threatened by adjacent land development. It has a high waterfowl population.

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